We estimated HLA allele and haplotype frequencies of the Saudi Arabian population from a sample of 45,457 registered stem cell donors. The most frequent HLA alleles were A*02:01g (18.5%), C*06:02g (16.1%), B*51:01g (14.1%), DRB1*07:01g (16.2%), DQB1*02:01g (30.5%), and DPB1*04:01g (33.6%). The most frequent 5-locus haplotypes were A*02:05g~C*06:02g~B*50:01g~DRB1*07:01g~DQB1*02:01g (1.73%), A*02:01g~C*06:02g~B*50:01g~DRB1*07:01g~DQB1*02:01g (1.66%), and A*26:01g~C*07:02g~B*08:01g~DRB1*03:01g~DQB1*02:01g (1.38%). Furthermore, we used the calculated haplotype frequencies to estimate stem cell donor matching probabilities for Saudi Arabian donor and patient populations under various matching requirements. These results are relevant for strategic donor registry planning in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.